PORTLAND, Maine — We must plan for the future due to the climate change effects on Maine’s farming and fishery businesses, according to a climate change report sent from Climate Change Institute (CCI) and University of Maine at Orono (UMO).
Since 1912 to the present, on average, there was an increase of rainfall by approximately 1 foot and an increase of sea levels by approximately 7 inches, according to the report. An increase of rainfall are not the only effects of climate change has on Maine.
On average, from January 1895 to the present, coastal Maine temperature increased by approximately 3 degrees Fahrenheit, said researchers in this climate report.
In 2012, the lobster in Maine changed due the temperature change. The lobster population increased because of increased temperature and the cod population decreased because of over-fishing, according to the UMO and CCI researchers.
“Recent fluctuation of temperature in late winter and early spring may cause early crop growth before the last freeze,” wrote researchers.
Because of late frost, in 2012 and in 2016, the apple and other crops were affected in Maine, according to the report.
There was a positive effect of climate change on Maine’s farms in the report.
“Since the year 2000, the growing season has increased by about 2 weeks in comparison to the 20th century,” wrote researchers in the report.